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The Three No's was adopted by the Arab leaders in the Arab states(Palestine) after the war in Khartoum, Sudan.
  1. No negotiation with Israel
  2. No peace with Israel
  3. No recognition of Israel

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This flag is meant to symbolize the Palestinian people. It is adapted from the Flag of the Arab Revolt. The red on the flag is meant to represent the Khawari, who formed the first Islamic republic after the assassination of Caliph Uthman III. They carried a red flag as did the Arab tribes who conquered North Africa to spread the word of Islam. The white and black distinguishes the Abbasid Dynasty from the Umayyad Dynasty for the color of mourning. Black was the color of mourning in the Abbasid empire while white was the color in the Umayyad empire. Also, black was the pre-Islamic color for revenge. The green on the flag symbolizes the color of the cloak that Ali, the prophets cousin, while impersonating the prophet to stop an assassination attempt.

Famous Palestinians

Yasser Arafat was a Palestinian leader who spent most of his life fighting against Israel in the name of Palestinian self-determination. He was born in Cairo, Egypt in 1929. Arafat was chairman of the Palestinian Liberation Organization(PLO) Arafat is also the head of Fatah, a political party that he founded in 1959. Fatah is nationalistic and secular, and is the majority party in Palestine. Arafat spent much of his life fighting Israel and for Palestinian independence. Through the 60's and 70's, Arafat carried out this fight in several surrounding countries, including a brief war with Jordan. Yasser Arafat died on Nov. 11, 2004 in Paris due to illness.

Mahmoud Abbas was the leader of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) and was elected to the seat in 2005 and lost his seat in 2010. He personally is opposed to armed struggle and wants an independent Palestinian nation. With his backing US and European money has been brought into the West Bank to tighten its security forces. He know faces mounting pressure from Hamas, as of a few years ago is now in charge of the legislative branch. In November of 2008 he was elected as "President of a future Palestinian state" by the PLO.

History of Palestine

Palestine was under the rules of Ottoman Empire from AD 1516 until the empire was defeated in World War I (1914-18). During the war period, both Arabs and Jews were made promises by the British concerning the future fate of Palestine. The Brithis controlled Palestine from 1920 to 1948. In 1947, the United Nations divided Palestine into two states, one Jewish, and the other Arab. When the independent state of Israel was declared on May 15, 1948, the Arab forces of Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Trans-Jordan advanced into Palestine. After the ensuing war in 1949, the West Bank came under Jordanian rule, the Gaza Strip came under Egyptian rule, and the remainder of Palestine came under Israeli rule. Many, but not all, Palestinian Arabs fled abroad during this time. In 1964, the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) was formed in Jerusalem. Yasser Arafat became the head of the PLO in 1969.
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The Wall

The "Apartheid Wall", or " Israeli West Bank barrier" is a multilayer-ed fence system including a small percentage of concrete. It lies mostly in the West Bank, with a small percentage along the original 1949 armistice agreement. It currently cuts off Palestinians from over 9% of their land. Construction on the wall began in 1992 and extends into Palestinian territories lost in the 1967 Six-Day War. The wall has been criticized by the international community because it mostly sits on Palestinian land. In 2004 the International Court of Justice declared that "Israel cannot rely on a right of self‑defense or on a state of necessity in order to preclude the wrongfulness of the construction of the wall. Construction of the barrier is contrary to international law." Palestinians see this wall as a constant reminder of being held captive by an occupying force. Around 70% of the wall is completed, with a projected 2010 completion date. The wall itself snakes through Palestine and the West Bank with an average of 60 meters wide and is said upon completion to be 436 miles long.

Political Flags of Palestine

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Fatah
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Hamas


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Palestinian Peoples Party
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P.L.F.




The Gaza Strip
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The Gaza Strip has seen much fighting since the 1948 creation of Israel. It was occupied by Egypt from 1948 to 1967, and then it was controlled by Israel following the 1967 War. Israel continues to occupy the land today. The Gaza Strip is in the Southwest region of Palestine/Israel. It is a 139 square mile area. From north to south to is about 25 miles long and from east to west it’s anywhere from 4 to 7.5 miles wide. Approximately 1.4 million people live in the Gaza Strip; the majority of these people are descendants of refugees who were driven from their homes in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.

Israel ‘disengaged’ from Gaza in 2005, saying it was no longer the Occupying Power there. However the United Nations and other international bodies still consider Israel to be occupying the Gaza Strip. Fighting continues between Israelis and Palestinians. In 2008, a 22 day war broke out. 13 Israelis and about 1,400 Palestinians were killed. 5,000 home, 16 government buildings, and 20 mosques were destroyed as 25,000 homes were damaged.

As for transportation infrastructure, the Gaza Strip has close to nothing. They have a railway line that runs from north to south, but it is abandoned and in disrepair. The Strip’s one port was never completed. The Gaza International Airport was only opened for two years before being closed by Israel and destroyed by Israel Defense Forces in 2001. It has since been renamed the Yasser Arafat International Airport.

After the 2006 elections, Hamas gained power in the Gaza Strip. Since then, Israel has cut off all contact between the Strip and the outside world. The only goods allowed into the area are for humanitarian aid. The economy of the Gaza Strip is limited due to a crowded population and strict security controls from inside and outside of Gaza. It is estimated that 80% of the people living in the Gaza Strip today are living below the poverty line.

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